# Channel Normalization

This document describes how the data pipeline normalizes channel information sent by Firefox and makes it accessible to data consumers.

## What are Firefox channels?

In addition to the the release channel, which is what we ship to most users, we also ship development versions of Firefox and an "extended support" (esr). The full list is:

• release
• beta
• aurora (this is dev-edition, and is just a beta repack)
• nightly
• esr

For more information on this topic, see the Firefox Release Process page.

## App Update Channel

This is the channel reported by Firefox. This could really be anything, but is usually one of the expected release channels listed above.

For BigQuery tables corresponding to Telemetry Ping types, such as main, crash or event, the field here is called app_update_channel and is found in metadata.uri. For example:

SELECT
FROM
telemetry.main
WHERE
DATE(submission_timestamp) = '2019-09-01'
LIMIT
10


## Normalized Channel

This field is a normalization of the directly reported channel, and replaces unusual and unexpected values with the string Other. There are a couple of exceptions, notably that variations on nightly-cck-* become nightly. See the relevant code here.

Normalized channel is available in the Telemetry Ping tables as a top-level field called normalized_channel. For example:

SELECT
normalized_channel
FROM
telemetry.crash
WHERE
DATE(submission_timestamp) = '2019-09-01'
LIMIT
10